Chlamydia - STD

Is this your symptom?

  • Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease (STD)

Some Basics...

  • Chlamydia is a bacteria (germ).
  • It can be spread by vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
  • It can be treated with antibiotics. Until a person with this germ has been treated, he or she can spread it to others.
  • Condoms are the only way to keep from getting STDs during sex. Condoms can also be used during oral and anal sex to prevent STDs.

Symptoms in Women

  • In women this germ can cause an infection of the cervix or the urethra.
  • Symptoms for women can sometimes be mild. There can be vaginal discharge or burning with passing urine. Such symptoms can be wrongly thought to be from a bladder or vaginal infection.
  • A woman may also see changes in her period. She may have pain during sex.
  • 75% of all women with this germ have no symptoms at all.

Symptoms in Men

  • In men, this germ can cause urethritis. This is an infection of the urethra of the penis. The urethra is the small tube that carries urine from the bladder, through the penis, and out of the body.
  • The most common symptoms are white or yellow discharge from the penis. There may also be burning with passing urine.
  • 50% of all men with this germ have no symptoms at all.

Complications

If not treated, chlamydia can cause worse problems.

  • In women this germ can cause PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease). This is an infection of the tubes. This causes scarring of the tubes. As a result, a tubal pregnancy is more likely. An infection of the tubes can also keep a woman from getting pregnant.
  • In men, this germ can cause epididymitis. This is an infection of a tiny gland next to each testicle.

When to Call for Chlamydia - STD

Call Doctor Now or Go to ER

  • You feel weak or very sick

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • You are a woman with any of these:
    • Pain or burning with passing urine
    • Lower stomach pain without a known cause
    • Yellow, green, or gray vaginal discharge
    • Pus (white, yellow) from rectum
    • Bad smelling vaginal discharge
    • Rectal pain or itching that is not normal
  • You are a man with any of these:
    • Pain or burning with passing urine
    • Pus (white, yellow) or bloody discharge from end of penis
    • Pus (white, yellow) from rectum
    • Testicle pain or swelling
    • Rectal pain or itching that is not normal
  • You think you need to be seen

Call Doctor During Office Hours

  • You are worried you might have an STD
  • You had sex (oral, vaginal, or anal) with someone who has chlamydia (you will need to be tested and treated)
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • No symptoms
  • Questions about chlamydia

Care Advice

Chlamydia

  1. What You Should Know:
    • Chlamydia is a bacteria (germ).
    • It is a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
    • Antibiotic drugs can treat chlamydia.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. How Is It Spread?
    • Chlamydia is spread by having sex with someone who has it.
    • It can be spread by vaginal, oral or anal sex.
  3. Symptoms:
    • It is common to not have any symptoms. A person can have chlamydia and not know it.
    • Men: White or yellow discharge from the penis and burning with passing urine.
    • Women: Vaginal discharge or burning with passing urine. Changes in periods. Pain with sex.
  4. How Long Does It Take for Symptoms to Appear after Exposure?
    • Symptoms may not start for days to weeks.
    • Sometimes people may be infected but not have any symptoms. This happens more often to women.
  5. Testing:
    • The doctor can test your urine for chlamydia.
    • Sometimes a swab is taken of the penis, urethra, vagina, throat, or rectum.
    • A blood test is not needed.
  6. Treatment:
    • Antibiotic drugs can treat chlamydia.
    • A person can spread it until he or she has been treated.
    • Sexual partners should be tested and treated.
  7. Prevention:
    • Remember, using a condom is the only way to keep from getting an STD from sex. Condoms can also be used during oral or anal sex to prevent STDs.
    • You need testing and antibiotic treatment if you had sex (oral, vaginal, or anal) with someone with chlamydia and did not use a condom.
  8. Pregnancy Test, When in Doubt:
    • If there is a chance that you might be pregnant, use a urine pregnancy test.
    • You can buy a pregnancy test at the drugstore.
    • It works best first thing in the morning.
    • Follow all package instructions.
  9. Call Your Doctor If:
    • Pregnancy test is positive or you have trouble with the at-home test
    • Discharge from penis or vagina is not normal
    • You think you need to be seen
    • You get worse

Hotlines and Internet Resources

  1. United States - STD Hotline:
    • American Social Health Association STD Hotline provides information on STDs, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, HPV/genital warts, herpes, and HIV/AIDS. It can provide referrals to local clinics.
    • Toll-free number (English): (800) 227-8922
    • Toll-free number (Spanish): (800) 344-7432
    • Their website is at: http://www.ashastd.org
  2. Internet Resources:

And remember, contact your doctor if you develop any of the 'Call Your Doctor' symptoms.

Disclaimer: This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice. It is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.


Last Reviewed: 8/21/2017 1:16:32 AM
Last Updated: 5/7/2017 1:36:00 PM

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